Weekly Economic Update: January 6, 2020

The Markets (as of market close January 3, 2020)

A strong start last week was wiped out by rising tensions in the Middle East. Only the Nasdaq was able to close slightly higher last week as the other benchmark indexes closed the week in the red. Both the Dow and S&P 500 lost value, as did the Global Dow. The small caps of the Russell 2000 had the worst week-over-week performance, falling about 0.50%. On the other hand, oil, gold, and 10-year Treasuries pushed higher last week.


  • The international trade deficit came in at a three-year low in November at $63.2 billion, down $3.6 billion from the $66.8 billion deficit in October. Exports of goods for November were $136.4 billion, $0.9 billion more than October exports. Imports of goods for November were $199.6 billion, $2.7 billion less than October imports.
  • Purchasing managers remained guarded in their assessment of the manufacturing sector in December. According to the latest report from Markit, the IHS Markit final U.S. Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index™ (PMI™) posted 52.4 in December, down slightly from 52.6 in November. IHS Markit Chief Business Economist Chris Williamson indicated that, while manufacturing continues to recover from a weak summer, overall expansion in that sector remains well below that seen this time last year. Williamson also noted that the impact of tariffs has pushed prices higher, softened business confidence, and curtailed hiring.
  • Purchasing manager respondents to the Institute for Supply Management survey were more reticent about the manufacturing sector than those who responded to the Markit survey. According to the December ISM® report, manufacturing contracted last month as the purchasing managers index registered 47.2%, 0.9 percentage point below November’s reading. December’s decline marks the fifth straight month of contraction in the manufacturing sector. In addition, new orders, supplier deliveries, new export orders, employment, and production contracted in December. Only imports, prices, and backlog of orders expanded last month.
  • For the week ended December 28, there were 222,000 claims for unemployment insurance, a decrease of 2,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims remained at 1.2% for the week ended December 21. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended December 21 was 1,728,000, an increase of 5,000 from the prior week’s level, which was revised up by 4,000.


The major economic report out this week covers December’s employment figures. This report will cap off a solid year for job hiring’s, although wage growth has been moderate. Also, the trade report for November is available this week. The trade deficit was over $47 billion in October and has been narrowing over the past few months. Year-to-date (through October 2019), however, the trade deficit has increased by $6.9 billion, or 1.3% from the same period in 2018.